Canada has always had a well-deserved reputation for being one of the friendliest nations around the globe. Not only that but it is also considered to be one of the safest places to live on earth. Despite Canada’s great size, it is one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries.

Although Canadians are comparatively few in number compared to other countries, they have crafted what many observers consider to be a model multicultural society, welcoming immigrant populations from every other continent around the globe.

Canada has always been known to be bilingual in English and French, reflecting the country’s history as a ground once contested by two of Europe’s great powers. In addition, Canada harbors and exports a wealth of natural resources and intellectual capital equaled only by a few other countries.

The Canadian population is about 36.7 million. The majority of Canadians are of European descent from early French and British colonists. The second half of the 20th century saw a large increase in the number of immigrants from Asia, the Caribbean, and Africa. There are currently more than 260 different ethnic origins reported across Canada.

Where Do You Want to Live in Canada?

Alberta

1. Banff | 2. Brooks | 3. Calgary

4. Edmonton | 5. Fort McMurray

6. Grande Prairie | 7. Jasper

8. Louise | 9. Lethbridge

10. Medicine Hat | 11. Red Deer

12. Saint Albert

British Columbia

1. Barkerville | 2. Burnaby | 3. Campbell River

4. Chilliwack | 5. Courtenay | 6. Cranbrook

7. Dawson Creek | 8. Delta | 9. Esquimalt

10. Fort Saint James | 11. Fort Saint John

12. Hope | 13. Kamloops | 14. Kelowna

15. Kimberley | 16. Kitimat | 17. Langley

18. Nanaimo | 19. Nelson | 20. New Westminster

21. North Vancouver | 22. Oak Bay | 23. Penticton

24. Powell River | 25. Prince George

26. Prince Rupert | 27. Quesnel | 28. Revelstoke

29. Rossland | 30. Trail | 31. Vancouver

32. Vernon | 33. Victoria | 34. West Vancouver

35. White Rock

Manitoba

1. Brandon | 2. Churchill | 3. Dauphin

4. Flin Flon | 5. Kildonan | 6. Saint Boniface

7. Swan River | 8. Thompson | 9. Winnipeg

10. York Factory

New Brunswick

1. Bathurst | 2. Caraquet | 3. Dalhousie

4. Fredericton | 5. Miramichi | 6. Moncton

7. Saint John

Newfoundland and Labrador

1. Argentia | 2. Bonavista | 3. Channel-Port aux Basques

4. Corner Brook | 5. Ferryland | 6. Gander

7. Grand Falls–Windsor | 8. Happy Valley–Goose Bay

9. Harbour Grace | 10. Labrador City | 11. Placentia

12. Saint Anthony | 13. St. John’s | 14. Wabana

Northwest Territories

1. Fort Smith | 2. Hay River | 3. Inuvik

4. Tuktoyaktuk | 5. Yellowknife

Nova Scotia

1. Baddeck | 2. Digby | 3. Glace Bay

4. Halifax | 5. Liverpool | 6. Louisbourg

7. Lunenburg | 8. Pictou | 9. Port Hawkesbury

10. Springhill | 11. Sydney | 12. Yarmouth

Nunavut

Iqaluit

Ontario

1. Bancroft | 2. Barrie | 3. Belleville

4. Brampton | 5. Brantford | 6. Brockville

7. Burlington | 8. Cambridge | 9. Chatham

10. Chatham-Kent | 11. Cornwall | 12. Elliot Lake

13. Etobicoke | 14. Fort Erie | 15. Fort Frances

16. Gananoque | 17. Guelph | 18. Hamilton

19. Iroquois Falls | 20. Kapuskasing

21. Kawartha Lakes | 22. Kenora | 23. Kingston

24. Kirkland Lake | 25. Kitchener

26. Laurentian Hills | 27. London | 28. Midland

29. Mississauga | 30. Moose Factory | 31. Moosonee

32. Niagara Falls | 33. Niagara-on-the-Lake

34. North Bay | 35. North York | 36. Oakville

37. Orillia | 38. Oshawa | 39. Ottawa

40. Parry Sound | 41. Perth | 42. Peterborough

43. Picton | 44. Port Colborne | 45. Saint Catharines

46. Saint Thomas | 47. Sarnia-Clearwater

48. Sault Sainte Marie | 49. Scarborough

50. Simcoe | 51. Stratford | 52. Sudbury

53. Temiskaming Shores | 54. Thorold

55. Thunder Bay | 56. Timmins | 57. Toronto

58. Trenton | 59. Waterloo | 60.Welland

61. West Nipissing | 62. Windsor | 63. Woodstock

64. York

Prince Edward Island

1. Borden | 2. Cavendish | 3. Charlottetown

4. Souris | 5. Summerside

Quebec

1. Asbestos | 2. Baie-Comeau | 3. Beloeil

4. Cap-de-la-Madeleine | 5. Chambly

6. Charlesbourg | 7. Châteauguay

8. Chibougamau | 9. Côte-Saint-Luc

10. Dorval | 11. Gaspé | 12. Gatineau

13. Granby | 14. Havre-Saint-Pierre | 15. Hull

16. Jonquière | 17. Kuujjuaq | 18. La Salle

19. La Tuque | 20. Lachine | 21. Laval

22. Lévis | 23. Longueuil | 24. Magog

25. Matane | 26. Montreal | 27. Montréal-Nord

28. Percé | 29. Port-Cartier | 30. Quebec

31. Rimouski | 32. Rouyn-Noranda | 33. Saguenay

34. Saint-Eustache | 35. Saint-Hubert

36. Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré | 37. Sainte-Foy

38. Sainte-Thérèse | 39. Sept-Îles | 40. Sherbrooke

41. Sorel-Tracy | 42. Trois-Rivières | 43. Val-d’Or

44. Waskaganish

Saskatchewan

1. Batoche | 2. Cumberland House | 3. Estevan

4. Flin Flon | 5. Moose Jaw | 6. Prince Albert

7. Regina | 8. Saskatoon | 9. Uranium City

Yukon

1. Dawson | 2. Watson Lake | 3. Whitehorse

Pros and Cons of Living in Canada

There is no country without pros and cons and Canada is not left out. There are many pros to living in Canada and also a few cons.

Pros of Living in Canada

1. Quality Healthcare

Canada’s healthcare system is consistently ranked among the top in the world. One of its benefits is its provision of publicly funded healthcare to all. Canada even has educational healthcare programs that teach the elderly how to avoid injuries and other health risks.

About two-thirds of Canadians have private health insurance, which covers additional services, such as dental and eye care, prescription drugs, and private hospital rooms. Around 90% of these premiums are paid for by employers or unions.

And Canada also provides free healthcare services to its citizens. Unlike other countries like  Americans who pay huge amounts of money for their medical insurance, doctors usually visit the emergency room for treatment, check-ups, tests, and also ambulance transportation. This is known to be one of the biggest advantages of living in Canada.

2. Fast-Growing Economy

Canada is among the countries with the largest economy around the globe. Starting a business in Canada is a straightforward process, and with such a strong, healthy economy, there are a lot of good opportunities for your new business to succeed.

If you’re not starting your own business, don’t worry! The employment market in Canada is as strong as the economy, and unemployment in Canada is lower than in many parts of the world. This serves as a big advantage for living in Canada.

3. Employment Opportunity

The Canadian government continues to emphasize the need to attract foreign workers to its nation to continue with the growth of the economy and reduce skill shortages in many industries. The Canadian approach to immigration is nothing new, what has changed over the past two years is the state of the rest of the world. While unemployment remains on the increase in other countries, Canada remains largely unaffected.

4. Quality Education

Canada has a good quality educational system, and the public school system in Canada has a good reputation for quality educational background. It is free to all residents up to their high school graduation. Although their University prices are a little bit higher than other universities in Europe, where many universities are subsidized by tax money, it is still far more affordable for residents than many US colleges.

5. Multicultural and Welcoming to All

Canada is generally a very progressive, diverse, and multicultural country. The people of Canada have a worldwide reputation for being friendly, kind, and welcoming. Canada is also well-respected on the world stage, due in part to its progressive politics. If you are considering living there, especially in one of its major cities, this is one of the benefits you stand to enjoy.

In Toronto, Canada’s largest city, more than 140 languages are spoken there. Over 20% of the population in Canada was born abroad, so ex-pats should fit in well. Most ex-pats live in Ontario, British Columbia, Québec, and Alberta.

6. Canada Has Low Crime Rate

Since 1991, the general crime rate in Canada has been steadily declining. Violent crime is rare in Canada. With a population of over 36 million people, in 2017 there were just 660 murder cases which makes it one of the safest countries in the world.

Compare that to the fact that over 39 million people live in the state of California alone and in 2017, they had a staggering 1,830 murders. Just knowing that you live in a country where violence is not the norm adds peace of mind to your life, which is hard to find in other countries.

Cons Living in Canada

1. It is Expensive in the Big Cities

The cost of living in Canada is a bit high especially in bigger cities like Montreal, Vancouver, and Toronto, compared to many other parts of the world. For instance, the average annual cost of living in Toronto is 45,400 CAD (33,880 USD), almost twice as much as in Québec, where it is 25,374 CAD (18,944 USD).

Vancouver is slightly cheaper than Toronto with the average cost of living at 40,682 CAD (30,397 USD). Taxes are pretty steep (even though they fund universal healthcare), and rents tend to be high. But the remote areas in Canada are much more affordable.

2. Canada Can be a Bit Cold

While cold temperatures may immediately come to mind when you think of Canada, actually there is no place for words like ‘chilly’ and ‘nippy’ in Canada. When we say it gets cold, we mean really bloody cold. Apart from the country’s west coast in British Columbia, nowhere else in Canada does the average temperature exceed zero in wintertime.

Vast parts of the country can dip as low as -30°C or -40°C, which makes going outside fairly unenjoyable. Chuck in the severe wind chill and the great outdoors are a no-go. The highest cold temperature ever recorded in North America was in Yukon, Canada in 1947 at -63°C, which is the same as the surface temperature of Mars. Suddenly those lakes don’t seem very appealing. The cold weather is simply one of the cons in Canada.

3. Government Control

Most Canadians often believe that their rules of government appear to bypass the choices they can make about their personal lives. Residents tell that they would prefer if there were lesser rules to follow in almost every survey. Canada is a country with a lot of government regulation, even small things like the amount of trans fat that can be in a restaurant meal, are dictated by the government.

Many people consider Canadian regulations to be an overreach and would prefer fewer rules to follow and less government interference in their lives. This downside doesn’t seem like much of a concern but if you choose to make your own decisions, then this problem may be a definite setback.

4. Healthcare

Indeed, the Canadian healthcare system is both a pro and a con. Although it is admired that residents can be provided with basic and essential treatment at no cost, elective procedures and long-term care can come with some delays for like 3months, particularly in larger towns.

In an entire city, there may only be 1-2 providers because it’s such a rural place. Sometimes long-term care, special needs, and elective procedures can have long waiting times. If you live in a big urban area, you can consider this problem.

5. Immigration Challenge

Canada currently has one of the world’s toughest sets of immigration rules. Each year, only about 250,000 people are permitted to travel and that number includes any refugees that the Canadian government wants to accept. Even if you just want to work for a short period in Canada, the fees can be higher than $1,600, which makes getting or securing a job less beneficial.

Skilled workers are always a priority, but if you fail to show that you can bring value to the Canadian economy, it may also be a challenge to get approval to move on permanently. This disadvantage can be avoided if there are direct family members who already live in Canada or are Canadian citizens and who can sponsor your request.

6. Cost of Living in Canada

The cost of living in Canada is actually rising. Understanding how much it will cost you to live in certain cities and provinces is a major factor in determining where to live. Your cost of living can include the costs of key necessities like:

  1. Housing
  2. Food & Groceries
  3. Transportation
  4. Childcare

The Canadian Housing costs include rent, electricity costs, and communication service costs, all of which vary based on the particular city you stay in. Renting is also impacted by the type of home you rent. There are several types of homes which include:

  • Bachelor style apartments designed for 1 person
  • 2 bedroom apartments designed for 2 people
  • 3 bedroom apartments designed for a small family of 3 or 4
  • Single-family detached houses designed for 4 or more people
  1. The food & grocery costs include the average amount of money needed to feed you and your family, including food from restaurants.
  2. For transportation costs, since gas and insurance are the most variables between provinces, this part will include different gas prices and insurance premiums for each city, along with the cost of maintenance.
  3. For the childcare, this includes the cost of care for infants aged 0-2, toddlers aged 2-3, and preschoolers aged 3-4.
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The costs you will face concerning the above listed when living in Canada are much higher compared to living in other countries. Food represents a considerable expense. Furthermore, even after adjusting for the favorable exchange rates that occur, clothing is still around 20% more expensive.

The differences could be even bigger depending on where you choose to live in the country. Taxes are fairly low (though they support public healthcare), and rents continue to be high, especially in larger cities like Montreal, Vancouver, and Toronto.