Hedge funds are kinds of investment that enable organizations or authorized investors to contribute money, in order to invest in securities and other investment opportunities that require a large initial investment. Note that only wealthy and accredited investors can profit from hedge funds because they demand more capital.

Limited partners with the necessary funds to participate in capital-intensive business portfolios are eligible to join hedge funds. According to statistics, Canada was the fifth-largest market internationally in 2021 and was home to 2.1 percent of the world’s hedge funds.

Currently, the Canadian investment funds sector contributes $167 billion in funding in the form of corporate bonds and $370 billion in capitalization in the form of stock to Canadian businesses.

Steps on How to Start a Hedge Fund in Canada  

  1. Conduct Market Research

Market research is essential to the business’s success. It offers information about your industry and competitive environment. It will inform you of how the clients and customers you wish to reach view your company. You may use it to figure out who your consumers are, where they are, and which ones are likely to buy from you.

In essence, extensive market research will enable you to understand the mind of your target market, and adjust to their needs in order to win their loyalty and also win over brand advocates.

a. Who is the Target Market for Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • Accredited Investors
  • Wealthy People in the Society
  • Investment Clubs
  • Top Corporate Executives
  • Corporate Organizations/Blue Chip Companies.
b. Is Hedge Fund Business a Profitable Business in Canada?

Yes, a hedge fund is a profitable business in Canada. As stated above, Canada was the fifth-largest market internationally in 2021 and was home to 2.1 percent of the world’s hedge funds.

c. Are There Existing Niches in the Industry?

No, there are no existing niches in the hedge fund business.

d. Who are the Major Competitors?
  • GFI Investment Counsel Ltd.
  • WARATAH Performance
  • JM Catalyst Fund
  • Portland Focused Plus Fund LP
  • Algonquin Debt Strategies Fund LP
  • East Coast Performance Fund LP
  • BMO AM Global Absolute Return Bond Fund
  • Celernus Credit Opportunities Fund
  • Dynamic Credit Absolute Return Fund
  • Ewing Morris Flexible Fixed Income Fund LP
  • Focus Asset Management Credit Opportunities Fund
  • Goodwood Milford Fund
  • Guardian Strategic Income Fund
  • Kipling Strategic Income Fund
  • Lawrence Park Credit Strategies Fund
  • Marret Investment Grade Hedged Strategies Fund
  • Ninepoint Credit Income Opportunities Fund
  • Picton Mahoney Income Opportunities Fund
  • Bloom Burton Canadian Healthcare Fund LP
  • Maplewest Partners Fund.
e. Are There County or Province Regulations or Zoning Laws for Hedge Fund Business in Canada?

No, there are province regulations or zoning laws for hedge fund businesses in Canada, but players in this industry are expected to work with the regulations governing similar businesses in the county or state where their business is domiciled.

f. Is There a Franchise for the Hedge Fund Business?

No, there are no franchise opportunities for hedge fund businesses in Canada.

g. What Do You Need to Start a Hedge fund business in Canada?
  • A feasibility report
  • Business and marketing plans
  • Business licenses and permits
  • Computers and servers
  • Office space
  • A corporate bank account
  • Software apps
  • Employees
  • Startup capital.
  1. Choose a Memorable Business Name

When looking to start a business, before you can begin to file the necessary documents with the constituted authorities or start your website, it is necessary that you come up with a name that you will be recognized with. It is essential that the name you come up with can easily be pronounced, is unique and easily memorable.

Some of the catchy business name ideas suitable for a hedge fund business are;

Creative Hedge Fund Business Name ideas
  • Allen Blackson© Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • We Prosper® Hedge Funds, LP.
  • Brampton Partners© Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Penny Wise® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Universal Network™ Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Williams McKenzie™ Hedge Funds, Ltd.
  • Coin Growth© Hedge Funds, LP
  • Unique Invest® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Halifax Investors© Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Sherbrooke Gibson© Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Trois-Rivières Kester® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Union Group® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • White Rock® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Thunder Bay® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Châteauguay Partners® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Grande Prairie® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Spruce Grove™ Hedge Funds, LLC
  • Chatham Group® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Fort Saskatchewan® Hedge Funds, Inc.
  • Parksville Group™ Hedge Funds, Inc.
  1. Register Your Business

a. What Type of Business Structure is Best for Hedge Fund Business in Canada?

There are several options for business structures in regard to a hedge fund business in Canada, but the corporation is the one that most people in the industry considered best. A corporation has limited liability—the owners are not liable for the debts or liabilities of the business—it is frequently considered.

Note that obtaining funding from investors or financial organizations is simple. It is necessary to be incorporated, in order to transact business with governments or other companies. Note that business income can be distributed in the form of dividends or salaries, allowing you to minimize your tax liability.

b. Steps to Form a Corporation in Canada
  • Whether it is a federal or provincial/territorial incorporation, you should register your business
  • Contact the Canada Revenue Agency to open a corporate income tax account and obtain a federal business number.
  • In Canadian jurisdictions where you want to conduct business, register as an extra-provincial or extra-territorial corporation.
c. What Type of License is Needed to Open a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • General Business License
  • Series 7 License (Optional)
  • Provincial Permits (Applicable in some cities)
  • Signage Permit
d. What Type of Certification is Needed to Open a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • Certified Hedge Fund Professional
  • The Certified Hedge Fund Compliance Expert
  • Certificate in Financial Services Advice
  • Certificate in Advanced Financial Advice
  • Certificate in Advanced Investment Advice
  • Certificate in Small Business Banking
  • Certificate in Technical Analysis
  • Certificate in Investment Dealer Compliance.
e. What Documents are Needed to Open a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?

These are legal documents that are required if you want to run a hedge fund business in Canada;

  • Council Permit
  • Business and Liability Insurance
  • State Permit and Building Approval
  • Certificate of Incorporation
  • Business License
  • Business Plan
  • Online Terms of Use
  • Online Privacy Policy Document
  • Contract Document.
f. Do You Need a Trademark, Copyright, or Patent?

There won’t be a need to file for trademark protection or intellectual property protection. The nature of the business makes it possible for you to run the company without needing to take legal action against anyone who uses your intellectual property illegally.

  1. Cost Analysis and Budgeting

a. How Much Does It Cost to Start a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?

The startup cost for a hedge fund business could be anywhere from $50,000 to $250,000 or more.

b. What are the Costs Involved in Starting a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • The total fee for registering the business in Canada – $750
  • Expenses for obtaining licenses and permits as well as the accounting services (software, P.O.S machines, and other software) – $8,300
  • Marketing promotion expenses for the grand opening of the hedge fund business in the amount of $3,500, and flyer printing (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580
  • The total cost of hiring a business consultant including writing a business plan – $2,500
  • The cost of the purchase of insurance (general liability, property-casualty, and workers’ compensation) coverage at a total premium (initially) – $4,400
  • The cost of renting or leasing operational office space – $45,000
  • Other start-up expenses include commercial satellite; stationery – $500, and phone and utility deposits – $2,800.
  • The operational cost of the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills and software renewal fees et al) – $35,000
  • The cost of the purchase of software apps – $5,000
  • The cost of store equipment (cash register, ventilation, security, signage) – $1,750
  • Working capital (investment funds) – $3.5 million
  • The cost of launching a website – $2000
  • The cost of the opening party- $3,000
  • Miscellaneous – $2,000.
c. What Factors Determine the Costs of Opening a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • The size of the hedge fund business
  • The choice of location
  • The required licenses and permits
  • The type of facility
  • The additional services offerings
  • The cost of hiring and paying a business consultant and attorney
  • The cost of branding, promotion, and marketing of the hedge fund business
  • The cost of furnishing and equipping the hedge fund business facility
  • The cost of the insurance policy covers
  • The cost of registering the business
  • The cost of recruiting and training the employee
  • The cost of the grand opening of the hedge fund business.
d. Do You Need to Build a Facility? If YES, How Much Will It Cost?

A hedge fund firm can be operated from a leased or rented office space, you don’t need to build a facility for it.

e. What are the Ongoing Expenses of a Hedge Fund Business?
  • Utility bills (phone bills, signage, and software renewal fees et al)
  • Commissions and charges
  • Rent
  • Salaries of employees.
f. What is the Average Salary of your Staff?
  • Chief Executive Officer – $135,000
  • Chief Financial Officer (CFO)/Chief Accounting Officer (CAO)– $115,000
  • Hedge Fund Manager/Portfolio Manager – $85,000
  • Risk Manager – $80,000
  • Admin and HR Manager – $55,000
  • Marketing Sales Officer – $45,000
  • Client Service Executive -$35,000 Per year.
g. How Do You Get Funding to Start a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • Raising money from personal savings
  • Raising money from investors and business partners
  • Sell shares to interested investors
  • Applying for a loan from your bank
  • Source for soft loans from your family members and friends.
  1. Write a Business Plan

a. Executive Summary

Sherbrooke Gibson© Hedge Funds, Inc. is a registered and accredited hedge fund management firm that will be based in Toronto, Ontario.

The business will take care of every aspect of hedge fund management and related services, including providing equity long bias, equity long-only, equity long/short, and equity market neutral funds, fixed income funds, emerging market funds, event-driven funds, multi-strategy funds, macro funds, distressed securities funds, and other related services.

We are aware that operating the management of hedge funds is challenging, and that is why we have the necessary training, credentials, and tools to do a favorable job.

The client’s best interests always come first at Sherbrooke Gibson© Hedge Funds, Inc., and our values and code of conduct serve as the foundation for everything we do. We will make sure to work with experts who have more experience with different fund management strategies.

b. Services
  • Offering equity long bias, equity long-only, equity long/short and equity market neutral funds
  • Offering fixed-income funds
  • Offering emerging market funds
  • Offering event-driven funds
  • Offering multi-strategy funds
  • Offering macro funds
  • Offering distressed securities funds.
c. Mission Statement

Our mission is to build the company to become one of the recognizable names in the hedge funds management industry in the entire Toronto, Ontario. We also aim to be ranked among the top 20 hedge fund management companies nationwide.

Vision Statement

Our vision is to build a hedge fund business – a brand that will become the number one choice for investors and corporate clients in the whole of Toronto, Ontario.

d. Goals and Objectives

The goals and objectives of the hedge fund business are to enable large, reputable institutions or accredited investors to combine capital in order to invest in securities and other investment opportunities that require a sizable initial investment.

e. Organizational Structure
  • Chief Executive Officer
  • Chief Financial Officer/Chief Accounting Officer
  • Hedge Fund Manager/Portfolio Manager
  • Risk Manager
  • Admin and HR Manager
  • Marketing Sales Officer
  • Client Service Executive.

Marketing Plan

a. SWOT Analysis
Strength:
  • Effective structure in place
  • Experienced and qualified employees and management
  • Reliable and proven investment strategies
  • Support from relevant organizations
  • Water-tight strategies on how to expand beyond the major markets.
Weakness:
  • Financial constraints
  • A new business that will be competing with well-established hedge fund businesses
  • Inability to retain our experienced and competent employees longer than desired.
Opportunities:
  • Partnerships and mergers between established companies
  • Good support structure for hedge fund businesses in Canada.
Threat:
  • The arrival of a new hedge fund business within our market space
  • Unfavorable government policy and regulations
  • Differences in management and culture are the major barriers to integrating hedge fund business startups into traditional companies
  • Liability problems
  • Constant changing of consumer demands, as it relates to how they expect hedge fund businesses to serve them.
b. How Do Hedge fund businesses Make Money?

Hedge fund businesses make money from the following;

  • Management fee and performance fee
  • Returns on diversified investment vehicles
c. Payment Options
  • Payment via bank transfer
  • Payment with cash
  • Payment via credit cards/Point of Sale Machines (POS)
  • Payment via online bank transfer
  • Payment via check
  • Payment via mobile money transfer
  • Payment via bank draft.
d. Sales and Advertising Strategies
  • Introduce your hedge fund business and the services your offer by sending introductory letters alongside your brochure to corporate organizations, investors, and other key stakeholders in the city where your hedge fund business is located.
  • Advertise on social media like Twitter, Facebook, and LinkedIn to get your message across, so that those on the social media or people who read blogs can easily know where to go when they need the services of a hedge fund business.
  • Create a website for your business, so as to give your business an online presence.
  • Directly market your services.
  • Advertise your business in community-based newspapers and radio stations.
  • List your business on yellow pages ads (local directories)
  • Encourage the use of word-of-mouth marketing (referrals).

Financial Projection

a. How Much Should You Charge for your Services?

A management fee plus a performance fee makes up the 2 and 20 hedge fund compensation structure. A management fee equal to 2 percent of the total assets under management is charged. Over and above a certain minimum level, the hedge fund is paid a 20 percent performance fee on its gains.

b. How Much Profit Do Hedge Fund Business Owners Make a Year in Canada?

The hedge fund business owner in Canada will make a profit of between $140,000 to over $300,000 per year.

c. What Factors Determine the Amount of Profit to Be Made?
  • The capacity of the hedge fund business
  • The location hedge fund business is covering
  • The management style of the hedge fund business
  • The business approach of the hedge fund business
  • The advertising and marketing strategies adopted by the hedge fund business facility – business
  • The number of years the hedge fund facility is in business.
d. What is the Profit Margin of a Hedge fund business Services?

The profit margin of a hedge fund business is not usually fixed. It could range between 2 percent to 20 percent.

e. What is the Sales Forecast?
  • First Fiscal Year: $750,000
  • Second Fiscal Year: $1.5 million
  • Third Fiscal Year: $4 million
  1. Set Up your Shop/Office

a. How Do You Choose a Perfect Location for Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • The demography of the location as it relates to investors and trading activities
  • The demand for the services of hedge funds managers in the location
  • The purchasing power of businesses and the residents of the location
  • Accessibility of the location
  • The number of hedge fund businesses in the location
  • The local laws and regulations in the community/state
  • Traffic, parking, and security et al.
b. What City is Best to Open a Hedge Fund Business in Canada?
  • Toronto, Ontario
  • Montreal, Quebec
  • Calgary, Alberta
  • Ottawa, Ontario
  • Edmonton, Alberta
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba
  • Mississauga, Ontario
  • Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Kitchener, Ontario
  • Hamilton, Ontario.
c. What Equipment is Needed to Operate a Hedge fund business?

You should purchase software applications, and you would need computers (laptops), an internet facility, a telephone, a fax machine, and office furniture (chairs, tables, and shelves).

  1. Hire Employees

You are expected to have some key roles occupied by experienced professionals. Hedge fund career paths generally consist of the following roles: Research Analyst, Trader, Portfolio Manager, Risk Manager, Marketing or Investor Relations, Chief Financial Officer, and Chief Accounting Officer. In addition, you will need a minimum of 6 staff.

  1. Launch the Business Proper

No hedge fund firm opens without first organizing an opening celebration to formally launch the business. A low-key party rather than a big opening party for everyone in the neighborhood where your business will be located may be a better option if you have a tight budget.

With proper lunching, you will formally inform your community’s residents that your hedge fund firm is open for services.

a. What Makes a Hedge Fund Business Successful in Canada?
  • Ability to identify good deals and investment
  • Willingness to take chances
  • Tenacity
  • Customer-centric business approach
  • Good marketing and sales approach
  • Strong vision
  • Passionate leadership
  • Innovative ideas.
b. What Happens During a Typical Day at a Hedge Fund Business?
  • The office is open for the day’s work
  • Activities for the day are reviewed
  • Employees go engage in their job description (financial trading and investments et al)
  • Marketers go out to market the service offerings of the company
  • Reports are written and submitted to superior officers
  • The business is closed for the day.
c. What Skills and Experience Do You Need to Build a Hedge Fund Business?
  • An excellent investment and trading skills
  • Risk management skills
  • Portfolio management skills
  • Accounting and bookkeeping skills
  • Investigative skills
  • Marketing skills
  • Computer skills
  • Ability to pay attention to details
  • Good managerial and human development skills
  • Visionary leadership
  • Team-building and interpersonal skills
  • Communication and negotiation skills
  • Organizational skills
  • Problem-solving ability
  • Good supervisory skills
  • Experience in managing hedge fund business
  • Experience in business administration
  • Experience in handling investment and trading software and other relevant software.