Are you interested in opening a private daycare center in Quebec? Then it is important to point out that there are a few licenses, permits and requirements you must fulfill before launching this type of business.

In Quebec and of course in most countries of the world, a daycare business requires licensing of facilities and care providers. As a home-based private childcare provider, you may be able to watch one or two children without a license but after that, you may have to be a licensed provider.

Generally, only a high school diploma or GED is required. Added child-care experience is a bonus. Some may require child-care teachers to have an associate degree in early childhood education or a Child Development Associate Credential (CDA) license. You would need Child Care License and Child Care Permit.

Please note that once you enquire about the exact licensing requirements for your local area, you will quickly realize that most regulations will be easy and straightforward. Some requirements will simply ask you to put down on paper a procedure you already have in practice. Here are some of the steps you should follow to apply and obtain the needed licenses and permits for operating a private daycare center in Quebec;

6 Steps to Opening a Private Daycare in Quebec

1. Contact the Ministère de la Famille et l’Enfance (MFE) in Your Region of Quebec

The first thing you need to do is to contact the Ministère de la Famille et l’Enfance (MFE) in your region of Quebec. They will not only will they assist you during the licensing process, they’ll also provide you with licensing, general and inspection information, and forms.

The Quebec Portal website provides a search function you can use to find the office nearest you. You can find this search function in the resources section of this page. If you meet all requirements, this office will issue you license to operate your day care service.

2. Fulfill the Licensing Requirements

Once you have obtained the requirements, then you should work hard to meet the Quebec licensing requirements. In order to run a day care service, you have to have three years of work in the field of early child education. You will be responsible for hiring, screening, supervising and monitoring qualified providers.

3. Conduct a Criminal Background Check

Before you will be issued any license or permit to operate a private daycare center in Quebec, you will be expected to go through criminal background check. The background check must come back favorably if indeed you will be issued a license to operate.

4. Childproof the Day Care Facility

You will not qualify for a private daycare facility if the facility is not childproof. So, you must childproof the day care facility and make sure it is in compliance with regulations set forth by MFE. It has to meet health, safety and building requirements and codes. Please note that the requirements limit the number of babies a daycare can enroll. This rule serves the child and the caregiver.

5. Hire Qualified Staff

Another requirement that you must fulfilled before you can be issued a permit to operate is to hire only qualified staff; people that are qualified to handle children. Two-thirds of your staff must have college or university degrees in early childhood education.

Every member of your staff will also have to undergo a criminal background check. Knowledge of first aid and CPR is also required. When hiring teachers and teacher aides, you will have to keep in mind the teacher-to-child ratios set forth by the MFE.

6. Consent to Regulatory Inspections

The authority will not issue you the needed licenses and permits to operate a private daycare in Quebec if you do not consent to regulatory inspections, and always run your operation in full compliance because inspections can happen without any notice.

While running your day care center, your staff and facility will be visited by a qualified inspector to assure you meet all requirements. If something is out of compliance, you will be given sufficient time to correct this. Another inspection will take place after the correction to make sure the center is operating in full compliance.

In Conclusion,

You can contact the Canadian Child Care Federation (CCCF) to get the detailed license and permits you would require to operate your private daycare facility in Quebec. The Canadian Child Care Federation (CCCF) is a national non-profit organization whose mission is to improve the quality of child care services for Canadian children and families.

CCCF includes 16 regional affiliate organizations, independent members, and other partner organizations. The CCCF website provides a wide range of information on child care.

Canadian Childcare Directory

Phone: 1-877-319-8941 toll-free


Web Address:

The Canadian Childcare Directory provides an online, searchable directory of child care providers. The website also provides information and resources on child care.